///SPONG3D: Developing an integrated 3D-printed façade with complex geometries for active temperature control
Spong3d is an adaptive 3d printed facade system that integrates multiple functions to optimize thermal performances according to the different environmental conditions throughout the year. The proposed system incorporates air cavities to provide thermal insulation and a movable liquid (water plus additives) to provide heat storage where and whenever needed. The air cavities have various dimensions and are located in the inner part of the system. The movable liquid provides heat storage as it flows through channels located along the outer surfaces of the system (on the indoor and outdoor faces of the façade). Together, the composition of the channels and the cavities form a complex structure, integrating multiple functions into a singular component, which can be produced by using an Additive Manufacturing (AM; like 3D printing) technology.
Ing.Msc.Maria Valentini Sarakinioti,Dr M.Arch Michela Turrin (project leader), Dr.Ir.arch. Martin Tenpierik, Dr.Ing.Msc.Thaleia Konstantinou,Prof.dr.ir Jan Hensen, MSc.Marie de Klijn,Ing.Roel Loonen, Prof.Dr.Ir.Patrick Teuffel,Ir.Arno Pronk,Arthur van Lier, Rens Vorstermans, Eline Dolkemade,Prof.dr.ing.Ulrich Knaack, Milou Teeling, Paul de Ruiter, Mark van Erk,Dick Vlasblom KIWI Solutions